Fot. Katarzyna Madoń-Mitzner
Alfred Schreyer
Alfred Schreyer. Born in Drohobycz (Ukrainian: Drohobych) (the Second Polish Republic) on 8 May 1922 to a Jewish family. He spent his early childhood in Niegłowice near Jasło, where his father was employed at an oil refinery. After his return to Drohobycz in autumn 1932 he started learning at the Henryk Sienkiewicz Secondary School, and then continued his education at the Władysław Jagiełło Secondary School, where Bruno Schulz was his drawing and craft teacher. Until the outbreak of the German-Soviet war in June 1941 he worked as a musician in the agitational quartet. During the German occupation the Nazi murdered his entire family. He himself worked as a forced labourer at the camps in Herawka near Drohobycz, and then in Drohobycz itself, where he miraculously escaped death several times. In April 1944, he was taken to the concentration camp in Płaszów, where he spent half a year. After the evacuation of KL Płaszów he was transported to the Gross-Rosen camp, and then through Buchenwald to the camp in Taucha near Leipzig, where he worked in the Panzerfaust factory by April 1945. In the “Death March” from the camp in Taucha he again miraculously separated himself from the column of prisoners. The end of the war found him in Freiberg near Dresden, which was freed by the Soviets. He remained there until the autumn of 1946; he found employment in a local department store. Then, he came back to the USSR together with a transport of Soviet troops. He initially stayed in Grodno, where he worked as a musician in a military band. After his return to his hometown of Drohobycz he played in a cinema band and at a restaurant. At the same time, he started working as a teacher at the secondary music school, where worked until his retirement. He lives in Drohobycz.