Józefa Rybka
Born in Chernivtsi on 30 October 1928. Her family was not rich but they lived in their own house built by her grandfather in 1904. Johan and Karolina Kulpka were her grandparents on her father’s side. Józefa Rybka’s mother was born in Wrocław. She came to Chernivtsi to visit her brother. She met her future husband there and settled there after marriage. Józefa Rybka’s father worked as a locksmith in a factory. During World War II he did not go to the army; he went to his brother in Romania and never came back. He died after the war. Her mother took care of the house and two children: Walentyna (born in 1926) and Józefa. Józefa Rybka and her sister attended first a Romanian and then German primary school. Józefa Rybka with her mother and sister earned their living on the renting of rooms and home-garden vegetable growing. They could not go to Poland. Their mother got a job in the factory where her father had worked before. She worked there by 1944. Józefa Rybka’s elderly sister, Walentyna, was arrested and carried away when she was 16. However, she ran away, got through the border pretending to be dumb, and came back home. From1944 Józefa Rybka and her sister worked in the factory. Józefa Rybka married Wiktor Rybka, son of Franciszka nee Smolnicka and Franz Rybka who was taken away by the Soviets at night in 1940. Her father as a child attended a Polish school. Wiktor Rybka was the director of the Polish House. Józefa and Wiktor Rybka were active in the choir, which first was called “Akademicki” and then “Lutnia” and went for concerts with that choir, also abroad. Józefa Rybka lives in Chernivtsi in the house built by her grandfather.